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Furniture wood knowledge

Furniture solid wood price difference is big, generally is the material difference, the material is divided into hardwood and cork, hardwood test carving technology, so cork price is more favorable.
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1、 Hardwood
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? ? Because the wood is stable, the furniture made of it has a long history. Common hardwood has red sandalwood, Huanghua pear, chicken wing wood and sour branch and so on.
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? ? Red sandalwood: the most valuable wood, solid texture but slow growth, so most of the solid wood furniture is made of several pieces of tenon, such as the appearance of the whole panel is very precious and rare. Its color is mostly purple black, emitting a quiet and noble temperament.
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? ? Rosewood: Red sandalwood is a kind of precious tree species with high quality and dark heartwood. The difference between heartwood and sapwood is obvious, sapwood is yellowish white to grayish brown; The heartwood is reddish brown, purplish red to purplish brown; The color of the wood is uniform, dark stripes can be seen, and the growth ring is not obvious or slightly obvious. It is composed of loose or semi ring porous material, single pipe hole, and a few multiple pipe holes with dark gum, sediment or infill. The axial parenchyma is wing like, poly pterygoid, banded, annular bundle and wheel boundary. The wood rays are fine to very fine, mainly in single row, the radial surface markings are not obvious or slightly obvious, and the chord surface is wavy. The wood is glossy, with slight or significant aroma, crisscross texture, fine and uniform structure. Some South American and African products are slightly coarse, with strong corrosion resistance and durability. The material is hard and heavy, some medium, high strength, some medium, usually floating in water, wood flour or sawdust aqueous extract shows fluorescence phenomenon. Most of them appear in Ming style furniture. The wood is dense and the color is from light yellow to dark brown. Generally, the longer the yellow pear furniture is used, the brighter the color is, which is more suitable for modern space.
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? ? Chicken wing wood: solid texture, purple brown texture, dark and light. In modern use, it makes its lines more fluent and injects new ideas into the tradition.
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? ? Acid branch: good acid wood is similar to red sandalwood, but the luster and color are slightly light, the color is warm, and the yield is more.
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2、 Cork
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? ? There are many kinds of furniture, which can be accepted by most people in price. Many corks are also used with hardwood. Such as beech, Phoebe, camphor, pine and fir are common cork materials.
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? ? 1. Black walnut, a high quality wood of walnut, is mainly produced in North America and Europe. Domestic walnut is lighter in color. Black walnut is light black brown with purple color, and the chord section is beautiful large parabola pattern (big mountain pattern). Black walnut is very expensive, usually made of wood veneer, rarely solid wood.
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? ? 2. Cherry, imported cherry wood, mainly produced in Europe and North America, light yellowish brown wood, elegant texture, chord section for medium parabola pattern, with small circle pattern. Cherry wood is also high-grade wood, furniture is usually made of wood veneer, rarely with solid wood.
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? ? 3. Beech, the beech here refers to beech, which is different from the beech of "South beech and North Elm" in traditional Chinese furniture. Beech has bright yellow color and dense needles( Wood ray), rotary cut with mountain grain. Beech imported from Europe has less defects and is much better than domestic beech. Imported beech belongs to medium and high-grade wood in China, commonly used for veneer, solid wood is also used as dining chair and small square bar.
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? ? 4. Maple, maple color light yellow, Hill Grain, the biggest feature is "shadow" (local luster is obvious). Maple is a medium grade wood, bark and solid wood are very common.
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? ? 5. Birch, birch color light yellow, easy to distinguish, is characterized by many "water line" (black line). Birch is also a medium grade timber, both solid wood and veneer are common.
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? ? 6. Rubber wood, native to Brazil, Malaysia, Thailand, etc. Domestic produced in Yunnan, Hainan and coastal areas, is the raw material of latex. The color of Hevea brasiliensis is light yellowish brown, with scattered small rays, obvious annual rings, dark color bands at the rim, and few tube holes. The wood structure is thick and uniform. The texture is oblique and the wood is hard. Advantages: smooth section, easy adhesion, good painting performance.
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? ? Disadvantages: rubber wood has peculiar smell, because it contains more sugar, it is easy to change color, rot and moth. It is not easy to dry, not wear-resistant, easy to crack, easy to bend and deform, wood processing is easy, and plate processing is easy to deform.
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? ? 7. Oak: the material is heavy and hard, the structure is thick, the wood ray is very obvious, the mechanical strength is high, the wood is not easy to dry, the processing is difficult, the damage resistance, the cementation is not easy, but the coloring performance is good, the bending performance is very good, commonly used as the furniture surface material and veneer veneer.
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? ? 8. Pine: no carving, clear texture, fine lines. With pine fragrance, beautiful scar. The production process requires high requirements and needs to be dried and degreased.
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? ? 9. Catalpa bungei: Wood luster, structure slightly thick, slow drying speed, not easy to warp, easy processing, nail strength.
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? ? 10. Elm: The wood is tough, the texture is clear, the hardness and strength are moderate, the general openwork relief can adapt to, the plane surface is smooth, the chord surface pattern is beautiful, there is "chicken wing wood" pattern, elm after drying, shaping, carving, grinding and lacquering, it can make exquisite carved lacquer crafts. In the northern furniture market can be seen everywhere. Elm and beech produced in the south are called "North Elm and South beech". The width of the wood is wide and the texture is warm and good; The deformation rate is small, and the carving patterns are mostly rough. Elm can be divided into yellow elm and purple elm. Ulmus pumila is more common, the wood is light yellow when it is newly opened, and the color gradually deepens with the age; The purple elm is naturally black and purple, and its color is similar to that of old mahogany. Northern furniture to elm for the largest family, there are wax to do, there are paint to do.


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Record No.: e ICP B No. 18017337-1

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